Providing feedback and recognition are two strategies that will provide evidence of student learning. According to Harvard Researchers who analyzed almost 8,000 studies on learning and instruction, feedback is “the most powerful single innovation that enhances achievement.” McREL’s research supports the following recommendations.
Providing feedback and recognition are two strategies that will provide evidence of student learning. According to Harvard Researchers who analyzed almost 8,000 studies on learning and instruction, feedback is “the most powerful single innovation that enhances achievement.” McREL’s research supports the following recommendations:
1. Use criterion-referenced feedback.
2. Focus feedback on specific types of knowledge.
3. Use student-led feedback.
Providing recognition speaks to the affective development of students. Teachers can positively impact student attitudes and beliefs about accomplishment. According to research, recognition is most effective if it is contingent on the achievement of a certain standard. Also, symbolic recognition works better than tangible rewards. Recommendations for implementation are:
1. Personalize recognition.
2. Use the Pause, Prompt, Praise strategy.
3. Use concrete symbols of recognition.
The importance and effectiveness of using rubrics cannot be overemphasized. Rubrics, with their detailed descriptions, can provide feedback that is much more specific than a simple grade or score. Students can learn to use rubrics to do self evaluations as well as evaluating peers. A most valuable tool is a rubric that allows students to self assess their effort and achievement. They can chart results and see for themselves how their effort can effect their achievement. A classroom example can be found on Slides 15-27 of the PowerPoint presentation found at: www.pkwy.k12.mo.us/intra/professional/midsd/9bestpracticesfinal.ppt
Landmarks for Schools Rubric Maker helps you easily create a rubric checklist
High School Online Collaborative Writing is a site with blogs, wikis, and e-mail; motivating, timely, interactive and criterion-based ways to provide feedback. http://schools.wikia.com/wiki/Main_Page
Free Wikis: Free Software, Wiki Engines, Wiki Info, Wiki Demos, Wiki Screenshots, Wiki Links, and Wiki Feeds (broken link) http://www.freewiki.info/
Pause, Prompt, Praise strategy in reading. (Broken Link) http://www.peta.edu.au/Teaching_resources/ Teaching_Tips/page__1559.aspx
Kids’ Space-Kids Gallery is a large collection of student work in all elementary subjects. You can post your students work. http://www.kids-space.org/index.html Awards and Certificates (broken link)s/Awards/ (broken link)(broken link)
Pitler, H., Hubbell, E.R., Kuhn, M., & Malenoski, K. (2007). Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works. ASCD, Alexandria, VA.