The VDOE Reading Network provides K-12 teachers with effective strategies to increase the reading achievement of students with disabilities.  Following are useful resources.
Virginia Department of Education English/Reading/Writing Resources

  • VDOE English/Reading/Writing Resources
  • Targeted Literacy Interventions Webinars
  • As part of the  PASS model for model for raising student achievement, the VDOE has created Webinars highlighting Targeted Literacy Interventions. Access them on the VDOE Differentiated TA Page.
    Session 1: Reading Instruction and Targeted Interventions – 10.31.13
    Session 2: Assessing Reading at Midyear: Working Smarter with PALS – 1.9.14
    Session 3: Literacy K-3: Linking Assessment to Instruction (Reading Specialists) – 2.6.14
    Session 4: Planning for Success in a Reading Classroom – 3.23.14


    T-TAC Online Reading Resources Training Opportunities, and Events
    Investigate T-TAC Online 
    To enter the site,  select your region on the Virginia map.  Select a tab at the top of the page to view VA Assessments, SOL Enhanced, Resources, Events or Online Training, and more.
    Click here for T-TAC Online reading resources:

  • Reading Resources
  • Online Training (i.e. The Five Essential Components of Reading ).
  • Events and conferences across Virginia and the nation.
  • Reading Sites of Interest
    The Literacy Bill of Rights  from the Center for Literacy and Disability Studies at UNC Students with disabilities have the right to an opportunity to read. Here is an excerpt from the Literacy Bill of Rights (Yoder, Erickson & Koppenhaver, 1997).

    Literacy Bill of Rights   The IRIS Center at Vanderbilt University is a national center dedicated to improving education outcomes for all children, especially those with disabilities birth through age twenty-one.  Find a list of reading related resources in this document:   The IRIS Center’s Resources for Teaching Reading   The Florida Center for Reading Research

    • Providing information about research-based practices related to literacy instruction and assessment for children in preschool through 12th grade.

    Vaughn Gross Center for Reading

    • Online professional development dedicated to improving instruction for all students, especially struggling readers, English language learners, and special education students.

    PALS Virginia Homepage PALS  Virginia Activities, and resources. Read/Write/Think

    • Providing educators and students access to the highest quality practices and resources in reading and language arts instruction.

    The Lexile Framework for Reading

    • Lexile measures are reported with the scores of students taking SOL reading tests in grades 3-8.  Instructional resources can be found at the website.  One helpful resource is the Find the Book feature.  You can access Find the Book at  Enter either a student Lexile score (from a recent SOL test), or the student’s current grade level.  Next, choose subject(s) of interest, and a tailor-made, leveled book list will be created for the student.


    Virginia Department of Education Mathematics Resources

      T-TAC Online Math Resources Training Opportunities, and Events Investigate T-TAC Online.  To enter the site,  select your region on the Virginia map.  Select a tab at the top of the page to view VA Assessments, SOL Enhanced, Resources, Events or Online Training, and more. Click here for T-TAC Online math resources:

      Additional Mathematics Sites of Interest


    Fluency Without Fear by Jo Boaler  Activities to develop Number Sense and Number Facts Download at: Multiple Representations of Multiplication A video from The National Center for Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics  (NCETM) Watch this NCETM  video of a teacher using multiple representations for multiplication. (This teacher works in a school where 3 x 4 is interpreted as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3). It is a good example of how to support the conceptual understanding of multiplication facts and its importance as students develop fact fluency.   Quantiles Framework Resources

      Newly Added Resources At the National Center on Intensive Instruction website, you can find examples of instructional plans that intensify fraction instruction.  You can download the plans and print-based representations (manipulatives) at these links. Computation of Fractions Fractions as NumbersESS Lesson Plans (PDF), Math Resources Slides


    The SOL Enhanced Scope and Sequence (ESS) was created by a team of general and special educators and VDOE personnel.  ESS provides teachers across the state with differentiated lessons that are aligned with the essential knowledge and skills found in the Curriculum Framework at VDOE.  The ESS is organized by content areas (i.e. Mathematics, English, History and Social Science, Science), and can be accessed at the Virginia Department of Education Standards of Learning.    Virginia Department of Education Instructional Resources

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    E-News You Can Use for Curriculum and Instruction

    Using Number Talks to Build Fact Fluency
    Number sense is the foundation for all higher-level mathematics (Feikes & Schwingendorf, 2008). But when students focus on just memorizing facts they often do so without number sense, which means they are very limited in what they can do and are prone to making errors (Boaler, 2015). The more we emphasize memorization to students the less willing they become to think about numbers and their relationship in the development of number sense (Boaler, 2009). Instead of rote memorization, Number Talks can be utilized in the math classroom to build number sense and computational fluency.

    What is a Number Talk?
    A Number Talk is a short, ongoing daily routine that provides students with meaningful ongoing practice with computation. A Number Talk is a powerful tool for helping students develop computational fluency because the expectation is that they will use number relationships and the structures of numbers to add, subtract, multiply and divide (Richardson, 2007).

    Want to find out more about Number Talks? Check out these resources:

  • Fluency without Fear by Jo Boaler, Stanford University
  • Number Talks by Kathy Richardson
  • Books in the T-TAC ODU Library
    -Making Number Talks Matter: Developing Mathematical Practices and Deepening Understanding, Grades 4-10 by Cathy Humphreys & Ruth Parker

    -Understanding, Grades 4-10 by Cathy Humphreys & Ruth Parker
    Number Talks: Helping Children Build Mental Math and Computation Strategies, Grades K-5 by Sherry Parrish

    -Young Mathematicians at Work: Constructing Number Sense, Addition and Subtraction by Catherine Fosnot

    Boaler, J. (2016, September 27). Fluency Without Fear: Research Evidence on the Best Ways to Learn Math Facts. Retrieved from
    Feikes, D. S. (2008). The Importance of Compression in Children’s Learning of Mathematics and Teacher’s Learning to Teach Mathematics. Mediterranean Journal for Research in Mathematics Education.
    Richardson, K. (2016, September 27). Number Talks. Retrieved from