According to Dr. Kelly Cartwright, author of Executive Skills and Reading Comprehension, three core executive skills are cognitive flexibility, working memory, and inhibition. Cognitive Flexibility allows student to shift attention between components of a task (i.e. decoding and text meaning). Working Memory is the capacity to be able to work with and hold information in… Read More Executive Skills and Reading Comprehension
Do you have students in your classroom who can follow routines and manage their behavior while they regulate their thinking and emotions? And, other students who cannot seem to control their behavior or stick to classroom routines? They may fidget and have difficulty ignoring things that are irrelevant. The contrasts in these students illustrate differences… Read More Thinking About Executive Function—Why is it Important?
Semantic gradients is a group of related words placed on a continuum that allows students to make connections between known words and new vocabulary. Reading Rockets has fun and engaging activities that help students deepen their understanding of related words. Research states that vocabulary instruction is an essential skill that students need to improve reading… Read More Effective Vocabulary Instruction that Increases Reading Comprehension
“Unless new information makes meaningful connections, it remains in working memory for about 20 seconds and is then discarded (Watson & Gable, 2011).” Because visual imagery can improve memory, it can help students make those connections. Visual images can help students make sense of math problems, remember fictional text, and comprehend a reading passage. Research… Read More A Picture is Worth a Thousand Thoughts: Using Visual Imagery that Improves Working Memory
In a recent Superintendent’s memo, the Virginia Department of Education announced a new Web site for elementary teachers in kindergarten through grade three to support reading comprehension and vocabulary development. In a recent Superintendent’s memo, the Virginia Department of Education announced a new Web site for elementary teachers in kindergarten through grade three to… Read More From Research to Practice: News You Can Use
Good readers are able to effectively coordinate their interaction with text by selecting and integrating reading strategies to use before, during and after reading. Torgeson (2006) emphasizes that struggling readers will need explicit strategy instruction that teaches them to use a repertoire of active comprehension strategies, including prediction, analyzing stories with respect to story grammar… Read More Teaching Students to Be Strategic Readers
“Comprehension is a process in which the reader constructs meaning by interacting with text” (Harris & Hodges, 1995, p. 207). Comprehension is purposeful, active, and can be developed by teaching specific comprehension strategies. When comprehension strategies are taught explicitly, students’ reading improves. Research “Comprehension is a process in which the reader constructs meaning by… Read More Structured Comprehension Strategies for Improved Reading Achievement